The Hellige Hemometer

 by Peola Ellis

 Hellige Hemometer

Introduction:

The Hellige hemometer was a medical apparatus developed in the early 20th century. The method was based on Dr. M.M. Wintrobe’s experiments estimating hemoglobin values.  Wintrobe published many influential books on clinical hematology. The Hellige Hemometer is a very distinct instrument. The object is contained within a finely crafted red plastic box which also includes a user manual that provides procedural instructions as well as some historical background pertaining to the object. This enables the user to understand how to use the hemometer and also appreciate its historical significance. Advancements in science and technology have vastly improved the way medical procedures are performed. In the 21st century, hemoglobin values are accurately performed in laboratories with automated machines. The Hellige hemometer represents an early 20th century tool that provided an effective and useful technique for estimating the hemoglobin levels of patients.Hellige Hemometer

Collection:

Ths Hellige hemometer is currently a part of the University of Toronto Scientific Instruments Collection. There are similar examples of this hemometer in the Queen’s University Faculty of Medicine Collection, and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences Historical Research Center Digital Collections.  

Maker:

The maker of the Hellige hemometer was a corporation based in the U.S.A. entitled Hellige Inc.

Dimensions:

The dimensions of the box are as follows: 16cm x 10cm x 6cm. There are four parts pertaining to the readings of the Hellige hemometer this includes; a glass pipette, a glass bottle for N/10 HCl, a glass tube and a comparator. The dimensions of these items are:

Pipette – Size: Height 34.0 cm x Diam. 0.8 cm

Glass bottle – Size: Depth 6.9 cm x Width 2.1 cm x Depth 2.1 cm

Glass tube – Size: Depth 8.2 cm x Diam. 0.5 cm

Comparator – Size: Length 8.5 cm x Width 4.5 cm x Depth 2.7 cmHellige Hemometer

Materials: 

The box containing the Hellige hemometer is made of red plastic. The upper half of the box is made of paper and a metal divider separating the reading of the historical context of the box and the procedural writings of the box. The inside of the box including the designated fitted spaces for the apparatus is also made of red plastic. The apparatus used to measure the hemoglobin count are all made of rubber and glass. However, the comparator is also made of plastic.

Background:

The Hellige hemometer is an apparatus that was used to estimate the hemoglobin levels of their patients in the early 20th century. There were many medical apparatuses used prior to the invention of the Hellige hemometer. One instrument that was greatly involved in the development of the Hellige hemometer includes Sahli’s hemoglobinometer that was used to estimate hemoglobin values.  The Hellige hemometer and Sahli’s Hellige Hemometer - glass bottleshemoglobinometer share many features including a comparator and a pipette used to extract and evaluate the contents of the blood. However, faulty visual color comparison limited the effectiveness of the Sahli’s hemoglobinometer. In comparison the Hellige hemometer was better equipped with a glass tube and bottle that enabled users to estimate haemoglobin values more easily and accurately than previous technologies. During the first world war, instruments such as the Hellige hemometer may have been used to measure the hemoglobin contents of soldiers prior to fighting to determine whether they were anemic to give an indication as to whether or not they were fit to fight. This technology had an important impact in 20th century medicine because it enabled practitioners to rapidly estimate hemoglobin levels at the bedside as opposed to taking multiple tests to determine the same measurement.Hellige Hemometer - Comparator

Form and Fabrication:

The Hellige hemometer is primary made of plastic, rubber, glass and metal. This object was produced by Hellige Corporation based in New York. This is a business corporation that has manufactured many objects from 1927 and they manufactured the individual parts of the Hellige hemometer and the outer box.

Provenance:

There was no given ownership history. The object was donated to the University of Toronto Scientific Instruments Collection.

Sources and Further Reading:

“Hellige hemometer kit.” Images of Health Sciences in Arkansas History. Accessed February 6, 2017. http://hrcdigitalcoll.uams.edu/cdm/ref/collection/uw/id/761.

“Hemometer found 10 records • Museum of Health Care at Kingston.” Hemometer found 10 records • Museum of Health Care at Kingston. 2016. Accessed February 06, 2017. http://mhc.andornot.com/en/list?q=hemometer&p=1&ps=20file%3A%2F%2F%2FC%3A%2FUsers%2FGET-Ger%2FDownloads%2Fjama_XXVII_5_012.pdf.

“University of Toronto Scientific Instruments Collection.” Hellige Hemometer | University of Toronto Scientific Instruments Collection. Accessed February 6, 2017. https://utsic.escalator.utoronto.ca/home/blog/instrument/hellige-hemometer/.