Fuller’s Spiral Slide Rule

L. E. Jones

Accession Number: 2010.lej.45

Description:

A spiral slide rule, with a 500-inch-long logarithmic scale. Kept in a box labelled “Calculator”, the spiral slide rule essentially consist of two cylinders on a wooden base around a metal cylindrical core. From the wooden base/handle a metal pointer rod emerges while from the wooden cap at the other end a metal scale protrudes. The outer cylinder containing the logarithmic scale is movable with respect to the metal scale. On the inner cylinder there is a plethora of information, including tables of natural sines; “Decimals” of a pound, shilling, acre, degree/hour, year, foot, and hundredweight (Cwt); trigonometric and spherical mathematical relations; properties of materials (including metals and types of trees); common conversions between units; and instructions on how to use the slide rule. Its model number is “4015″ and serial number is “1376″.

Alternative Name:

Primary Materials:

mahogany, steel, brass, celluloid, cardboard

Markings:

Old Inventory Number = 45??

Labelled “Fuller’s Spiral Slide Rule” and “Stanley, Maker, London”

Dimensions (cm):

Function:

Like all slide rules, logarithmic scales are used to facilitate calculations. The spiral logarithmic scale greatly increases the precision and computing power of the slide rule. In addition, its tables provided useful information to its users, most likely engineers.

Condition:

Associated Instruments:

Manufacturer:

W. F. Stanley Hall, London & Keuffel and Esser Co. New York

Date of Manufacture: 1901

Provenance: Part of the L. E. Jones Collection

Donated to UTSIC: Yes

Historical Notes:

Fuller’s Spiral Slide Rule was designed by Prof. George Fuller of Queen’s College, Belfast in 1878 and patented as an “Improvement in Calculators” in 1879. Its remarkable length permitted a high level of precision in calculations; calculations could be made to 4 or 5 significant digits.

The principal manufacturer of these slide rules was W. F. Stanley Hall of London, who possessed the necessary dividing engine for such an undertaking.